|This purpose of Quasi Experimental Research was to compared behavior of mothers for dental caries in their preschool children between before and after attending the dental health program with applied social support theory. She subjects were mothers, with the children at age 1 to 3 years old, who lived in the Kamnoi and Kaikom health station area. The 99 subjects in total were divied into 2 groups, 50 subjects for study group and 49 subjects for the control. This study was performed from March to May, 2007 using questionnaire and dental observed forms.
The result showed that the mothers who have attended the dental health program had the better dental health knowledge, better perception to risk and severity of dental caries in children and better behavior for dental caries prevention in children when compared to those of the control group, significantly at p-value < .001. Majority of the study group had the improvement on brushing behavior for their children resulting to the decreased plaque index and the increased normal gingival index in their children when compared to those of the control group
Furthermore, dental health knowledge, perception to risk and severity of dental caries in children was all correlated to behavior on dental caries prevention of the mothers in the study group, significantly at p-value < .001. Where as age, occupation, income, educational level of mothers was not correlated to behavior on dental caries prevention in their children.
This study showed that the dental health program with applied social support theory effected to behavioral change in dental caries prevention for their preschool children.